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What Is The Difference Between Roman And German Chamomile?

Essential oils and their use for different purposes are gaining wide popularity these days. There are many different essential oils to choose from, depending on your needs and preferences. Essential oils have many medicinal and therapeutic benefits that are doing wonders in skincare and healthcare. One such essential oil is chamomile oil, which is commonly used for many different purposes.

Chamomile oils are mainly found in two variants German Chamomile and Roman Chamomile, also known as English chamomile (1). Chamomile oil, in general, is a soothing essential oil that promotes calmness and relaxation. It has anti-inflammatory properties that help in healing the skin (2). There are many different uses for chamomile oil.

In this post, a detailed difference between the two that is German Chamomile and Roman Chamomile, has been discussed in detail. Read on to learn more about these two in detail.

What Is Chamomile?

Chamomile, a white, yellow wildflower, belongs to the daisy family that blooms in pastures as well as roadsides. It usually grows in a sunny area. Chamomile is used for many medicinal purposes. It can be used in the form of tea, oil, and extracts. Chamomile flowers are used for making chamomile tea.

Chamomile tea is known for its calming effects and has the ability to treat insomnia and anxiety. The chamomile essential oil is also used in aromatherapy for its calming properties. Chamomile is also used in cosmetics and skincare products for its anti-inflammatory and soothing properties (3). It is also used as a herbal remedy for digestive problems, menstrual cramps, and other health issues.

What Are Roman And German Chamomile?

German Chamomile (Matricaria recutita) and Roman Chamomile (Chamaemelum nobile) are two different species of Chamomile, but they are both used for similar purposes in herbal medicine. The main differences between the two are:

  • German Chamomile has a more pungent, stronger aroma and flavor, while Roman Chamomile is milder and sweeter (4).
  • German Chamomile is considered to be more effective for treating inflammatory skin conditions such as eczema and dermatitis, while Roman Chamomile is considered to be more effective for treating digestive problems such as indigestion, gas, and colic.
  • German Chamomile is also considered to be more effective for treating menstrual cramps and other menstrual-related discomforts, while Roman Chamomile is considered to be more effective for promoting relaxation and sleep.

What Are The Key Differences Between Roman Chamomile And German Chamomile? 

Roman Chamomile

German Chamomile

Appearance 

Low-growing perennial plant

Large annual plant

Origins

Native to Europe & Western Asia
Native to Europe & Asia

Uses

Used in Perfume, cosmetics, aromatherapy & skincare. 
Used in perfume, cosmetics, aromatherapy & medicine

 

 

Appearance:

  • Roman Chamomile is a low-growing perennial plant with small, white, daisy-like flowers and feathery leaves.
  • On the other hand, German Chamomile is an annual plant with larger, white, and yellow flowers and fern-like leaves.

Origins:

  • Roman Chamomile is native to Europe and Western Asia.
  • German Chamomile is native to Europe and Asia.

Uses:

  • Roman Chamomile is used in perfumes, cosmetics, and aromatherapy. Roman Chamomile is also used in skincare as it contains anti-inflammatory properties that help in soothing sensitive skin.
  • German Chamomile is used in perfumes, cosmetics, aromatherapy, and in medicine as an anti-inflammatory and for treating skin conditions such as eczema.

Potency:

  • German Chamomile is considered to be more potent than Roman Chamomile.

Both Roman and German Chamomile is commonly used in skincare products for their anti-inflammatory properties and ability to soothe the skin. 

Which Is The Best Chamomile?

Roman Chamomile is best for people who want to experience a soothing and calming effect. Roman Chamomile refreshes the skin and makes it look soft and silky. Roman Chamomile is also best for people who like fruity scent over other scents. It contains cleansing properties that can be used to give you a clear skin.

It can be mixed with other essential oils like grapefruit, bergamot, lemon, etc. Some experts say that roman Chamomile is mild as compared to German Chamomile and thus is suitable for sensitive skin as well.

German Chamomile is best suitable for the person who likes floral scents. It is also best-suitable for sensitive skin types. It has calming and relaxing properties that can soothe your skin and also help in relaxing your mind and body. German Chamomile also has cleansing properties that can help you keep your skin clean and clear.

Both oils have sweet-smelling scents.

How To Use German Chamomile And Roman Chamomile?

There are many different ways in which you can use chamomile oil. Following are some of the uses of both German Chamomile and Roman Chamomile

German Chamomile:

  • Make tea: Steep 1-2 teaspoons of dried German chamomile flowers in a cup of hot water for 5-10 minutes. Drink tea to help with insomnia. It can also be used to alleviate anxiety and other stress-related conditions. Both flowers and leaves can be used as an ingredient for making tea. 
  • Add to a bath: Add a handful of dried German chamomile flowers to a bath to help with skin irritation and inflammation. You can also use German chamomile oil and add a few drops of it to your bathtub and enjoy its therapeutic benefits. 
  • Use in skincare: German Chamomile essential oil can be added to a carrier oil like jojoba oil for topical application. It can also be used in a lotion or cream to help with eczema and other inflammatory skin conditions.

Roman Chamomile:

  • Make tea: You can make a cup of chamomile tea by adding 1-2 teaspoons of dried Roman chamomile flowers in a cup of hot water for 5-10 minutes. Drink tea to help with insomnia, stress and anxiety, and other stress-related conditions.
  • Add to a bath: You can use dried Roman chamomile flowers and add them to your bath to help with skin irritation and relaxation. It will give you a complete therapeutic experience. You can add a few drops of essential oil as well to your bathtub.
  • Use in skincare: You can use it for topical application by adding Roman chamomile essential oil with any carrier oil like jojoba oil, coconut oil, sweet almond oil, avocado oil, etc. You can also add a few drops of essential oil in lotions or creams to soothe your skin. 

DIY Essential Oil Blends For Using German And Roman Chamomile Essential Oil

Following are some of the DIY blends that you can experiment with depending on the benefits of these oils:

DIY Blend #1

Relaxing Bath Blend

Ingredients

  • 2 drops German chamomile essential oil
  • 2 drops Roman chamomile essential oil
  • 2 tablespoons of Epsom salt
  • 2 tablespoons of baking soda

Directions

  • Take a small bowl and mix all the ingredients together and add them to a warm bath. 
  • Soak for 15-20 minutes to help relax the muscles and soothe the skin.

DIY Blend#2

Sleep-Promoting Pillow Spray:

Ingredients

  • 2 ounces of distilled water
  • 2 drops of German chamomile essential oil
  • 2 drops of Roman chamomile essential oil

Directions

  • Take a small spray bottle and mix all the ingredients together.
  • Spray the mixture on your pillow before bedtime to promote sleep.

DIY Blend#3

Soothing Face Serum:

Ingredients

  • 1 ounce of Jojoba oil
  • 2 drops of Roman chamomile essential oil
  • 2 drops of German chamomile essential oil

Directions

  • Mix all the ingredients together in a small bottle. 
  • Apply a few drops of the serum to your face and massage it gently into your skin after cleansing. 
  • Use it at night to soothe and hydrate the skin.

DIY Blend#4

Stress-Relieving Massage Oil

Ingredients

  • 1 ounce of carrier oil (such as sweet almond oil or coconut oil)
  • 2 drops of German chamomile essential oil
  • 2 drops of Roman chamomile essential oil

Directions

  • Add all the ingredients together in a small bottle and shake well.
  • Massage the oil into your skin to help relax your muscles and reduce stress.

Summary

Chamomile is one of the most popular herbs in the world that is widely used for many different purposes. The two kinds of Chamomile that are German Chamomile and Roman Chamomile, are widely used for skincare and healthcare. In this post, a detailed discussion has been made on the difference between German and roman Chamomile.

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